How to play chess

I came across an instruction slip that must have come from a chess game I had at school.  I thought it might help someone learn how to become a great player, so I’m posting it here.  (Please note, if you look carefully, you might find a couple of typos.  They are not mine; I wanted to reproduce these instructions in all the glory of the original.)


Loc are drawn to estaohsh who has the while chessmen and thus, who can move first.  This player is then allowed the 16 black chess pieces.  The board is positioned so that each player has a dark corner square on his left.  The rooks are positioned on the two corner square to the left and right.  Next to these come the two corner square to the left and right.  Next to these come the two knights.  One on the left and one on the right.  Next to these, the two bis hops and in the center.  The queen and king, the white queen is always positioned on a light square and black queen on a dark square.  The eight pawns are then placed adjacently in the second row in frond of these chess’ pieces.  The pawns are then placed adjacently in the vance from its initial quare on the second rank, the pawnhas the option of moving one or Two-squa res.  The rook moves only on the ranks and files any distance and the bishop only on the diagonals.  The queen can move in any direction The knights are the only pieces which are able to change direction during the course of a move and “jump over” one’s own or one’s opponent’s pieces; a knight takes one step of one single square along the file or rank and then, still moving many from the square that it has left, takes one step along the diagonal.  The king may move in any direction, one step at a time.  All pieces start from the pawns capture in the normal direction of movement describled above.  Howerver, the pawns which normally only move in a straight line may only capture diagonally to the left or right and only forwards.  It is not obligatory to capture your opponent.  If the king is threatened, check must be given (the player must declare check)  The opponet is then obliged to protect his king by moving the king to another square or moving one of his own pieces between it and the threatening piece or capturing the opposing attacker.  If he is unable to make any of the above moves, the king is said to be checkmared and the game ends in favor of the oppenent.

We must dtill miention one pecuharly-castling.  Casthng is a compound move of the king and one rook (formally called “castle”) that may be made.  It at all, only once in a game.  It is legal if neither the king nor the rook has yet moved.  If all the squares between them on the rank are vacant and no adverse piece commandst two squares nearest the king on the side on which castling is to be carred out and if the king is not in chect.  The move is executed by moving the king two squares toward the rook and then placing the rook on the square passed over by the king.


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